After over 20 years clinical application of brain stimulation, there are still unmet challenges; the mechanisms by which it modulates the human brain network are unclear and there is a need to develop more advanced stimulation strategies.

The future of brain stimulation requires multidisciplinary collaboration aiming for intelligent, precise, programmable neuromodulation technologies. Artificial intelligence, wearable, nano-sensor, and big data analysis techniques will promote rapid advances in the field. The clinical postoperative management moved from current hospital-oriented to family or community-based remote rehabilitation, and its clinical indications extend from movement disorders and degenerative neurological diseases to psychiatric and autonomic nervous system diseases, etc. Technology research in intelligent stimulation and neuroimaging will enable more precise and specific neuromodulation.

TRiBS aims to promote the national and international collaboration across biomedical engineering, basic and clinical neuroscience and technology development through knowledge, personnel and ideas exchange.